Mars Mythology


Roman Name: Mars
Parents: Zeus and Hera
Siblings: Hephaestus, Hebe, Eileithyia
Offsprings: The Twins- Deimos, Phobos

Ares and Athena were known as the god and goddess of war. Athena always preferred peace to war if possible while Ares was not concerned with such things and preferred the thrill of battle. He lived alongside the people of Thrace, who were known for their constant conflict and wars against other tribes.

During his strides into battle, Ares was often accompanied by four other gods. These gods were Deimos, the god of panic, Enyo, the goddess of battle, Eris, the god of discord, and Phobos, the god of fear. With these five gods strode into battle the ferocity of the conflict would always escalate to new heights.

Ares was a strong and a great warrior, but he lacked the cunning, strategy, and moral decency of an even better one. In several of his battles, Ares had to be forced off the battlefield because human wanted to make peace while he still wanted bloodshed. Because of this, he was not well liked by the gods or the humans and to make it worse even his own mother and father has a distasteful look upon at times for what he did.



Mars is known as Mangal, Angaraka, and Kuja. In sanskrit those names mean auspicious, burning coal, and the fair one. Mars is called a malefic, and he rules over the two sidereal signs of Aries and Scorpio. Exalted in Capricorn and fallen in the opposite sign of Cancer, Mars is often depicted as a god with a red body exemplifying the natural color of the Astromical body in the sky.


Mars glowed a bright red color int eh Egyptian sky and that's how it earned the name "Horus the Red". They also described it's retrograde motion, saying that Horus sometimes "travels backwards" in the sky. Also, the name Cairo, which is the name of the capital for modern Egypt, comes from "Al Qahira", an ancient Arabic name for Mars.


In Hindu Mars is called Mangala and is identified with the war god Karttikeya. Karttikeya was the son of Siva, a supreme god and his wife Parvati. They depicted him with six head ans twelve arms riding a peacock and he was created to defeat the rival of the gods, the monster Taraka.


In one of their ancient books called the Dresden Codex, the Mayans depicted Mars by a series of pictures that showed a long-nosed beast descending to varying depths from a sky band, the segmented body of a sky serpent that hangs over a/the scene. Mayans were said to be sophisticated observers of the sky that used their astronomical knowledge to predict future human events.

Mars name by Culture












Old English



                                            ¤Pahlavani Siphir